Marta RODESCHINI, University of Bergamo, Italy
In recent decades, many organizations have dedicated themselves to the analysis of happiness (e.g., the UN, OECD or national statistical institutes); however, these surveys often do not consider the territorial dimension, i.e., the socio-territorial differences that characterize each place of living. The research that is proposed, part of the work of a doctoral thesis, aims to understand space as relational and relative (that is, defined by the set of relationships found in this space) and considers living as a dynamic movement that relates inhabitants to the territories they inhabit (Lévy, 2014). Human action produces territory and its configurations - landscape, place, and environment -, which are capable of connecting the human interiority, individual and collective, to its exteriority (Turco, 2014) and to bring out the feeling of affection that the configurations generate (Tuan, 1977). Therefore, to identify which features of the territory are able to cultivate happiness, the SIGAP methodology - formalized and adopted by the research group of geographers of the University of Bergamo - will be used; this strategy provides, in a first phase, the collection of documents and basic information through statistical and bibliographic research; then, the direct consultation of the inhabitants through a collaborative mapping (Burini, 2016). In order to recover the ability of the map to represent issues and epistemological relations more complex than those immediately perceivable, the attention is shifted from topos to chora (Casti, 2013), adopting a metric able to represent the social values of the territory. The cases that will be analyzed are the city of Bergamo (Italy), the city of Olomouc (Czech Republic) and the city of Cork (Ireland): these are medium-sized city with a University and a research team of geographers who have already dealt with participatory analysis, in this case aimed at investigating the happiness of these places.
Mots clés : cartography|territory|inhabitants|filia|happiness