Bogdan SUDITU, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
Aurel GHEORGHILA?, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
Adelin LAZ?R, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
Claudiu BÎ??, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
As a result of resilience to the restrictions of the expansion of the built space during the communist period (1974-1989), the cities and villages of dynamic Romania expanded through residential, industrial and commercial spaces after 1990. The urban expansion of large cities can be explained by legal economic / business or spatial planning and territorial governance logics, but its effects are primarily spatial. In the post-socialist period, the series of measures for the privatization of public own housing and land, for the legal restitution "in integrum", gradually and with great difficulty, of private housing in the city center (nationalized between 1945-1950) led to significantly differentiated dynamics investments in the real estate between the center and the outskirts of large cities. The study aims to explain and evaluate the impact of the current normative framework and investment logics on the regeneration of city center an the urban sprawl in Romania.
The city center - having to solve legal property issues - will be difficult to mobilize in urban regeneration projects through real estate investments, will be emptied of state tenants (from nationalized houses) and will not be immediately subject to modernization, consolidation and capitalization of the housing stock. The outskirts of cities will become a space for the implementation of investment and territorial development projects, in the context in which the public programs for accessing housing / property (government program "First House" / "New House") did not condition the implementation of this housing program compliance with general rules to reduce the fragmented urban expansion ("archipelago") of residential areas thus built. The fragmentation process is specific not only to residential areas, but also to peri-urban areas with industrial, service or commercial functions, between which - sometimes - the boundaries are very unclear.
Mots clés : urban sprawl|urban regeneration|retrocedation of urban properties|city center|peripheries