Bogdan SUDITU, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
Liliana DUMITRACHE, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
Daniel VIRDOL, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
Alina MARECI, Universite de Bucarest - Roumanie, Romania
During the last three post-socialist decades, Romania's demography has undergone strong demographic transformations, both in urban and rural areas. Democratic political changes (possibility of free choice of residence, free access to large cities, freedom of domestic and international migration, possibility of expanding the built-up area of ??cities and suburbs, etc.) and economic changes (deindustrialization, access to land ownership, market development real estate, etc.) have generated significant socio-demographic changes throughout the country: depopulation and demographic aging of cities and large rural areas, intensive international migration, trends of concentration of population and economic activity in several large cities, urban sprawl and intensive urbanization of villages in metropolitan areas.
The new geography of the Romanian population shows the territorial differentiations of the analyzed aspects, highlights the demographic and spatial tendencies of the population dynamics and underlines the demographic crises that affect certain territories. The study is based on the analysis of territorial statistical data, but also on the analysis of economic and territorial policies that have had a significant impact on the dynamics of cities, villages and regions in Romania.
Mots clés : shrinking cities|rural depopulation|demographic aging |international migration