In Poland till the end 1980s the prevailing pattern of internal migration was from rural to urban areas. After 1989 with the fall of communism and introduction of free market economy the mobility patterns began to change. The restructuring of the industry located in most major cities in Poland was associated with the collapse of the most technologically outdated and unprofitable plants and the reduction of excessive employment in others. Due to the combination of the above factors, most cities in Poland stopped attracting migrants from rural areas. Together with the improvement of the economic situation in the country after joining the EU in 2004, the group of people interested in living in suburbs began to increase rapidly. Internal migration reversal, which is generally visible in Poland after 1990, is more complicated when you look at examples of specific large cities and their functional areas. In this presentation, the transformation of internal migration leading to suburbanisation in Poland will be studied in the years 1990-2020. B From 1990 the employment in industry declined and several services grown. On the one hand, a significant migration outflow associated with suburbanization and migrations from core cities to the fringes is observed. On the other hand, studentification and gentrification contributed to re-urbanization of largest cities, which was associated with the influx of young migrants into the city, compensating for the effects of the outflow of urban inhabitants.
The aim of the research is to define shifting patterns of internal migration in Poland by municipalities in the times of socio-economic transition in the 1990s and in the first and second decade of 2000s.
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