Eveline M.f.w SAWADOGO/COMPAORÉ, Institut de l'environnement et de Recherches Agricoles, Burkina Faso
Françoise VALÉA, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo , Burkina Faso
The advent of agroecology is embedded in a new paradigm through its holistic approach aimed at connecting ecology, culture, economy and society to support agricultural production, healthy environments, a viable agriculture and a safe food in the communities. It therefore needs a holistic co-construction approach which has not been effective. Starting from a participatory and multi-scale approach, We characterize agroecological practices under socio-climatic conditions in three communes in the dry zone of Burkina Faso (Central and North parts) respectively in Nagréongo, Korsimoro and Arbollé to understand the evolution of conservation initiatives of the environmental ecosystem. The theory of Self Identity has been mobilized to understand the social functioning that impacts on the agricultural practices of men and women. This personal identity is a combination of traits, abilities, physical attributes, interests, beliefs and / or social roles according to gender and age. The data was collected through 12 Focus groups discussions, 2 participatory workshops and a baseline survey with 487 households in the dry zone of Burkina Faso (men, women and young people). The results show that in addition to age and sex, the evolution of belief / spirituality between man and the environment are factors that have contributed to the degradation and disrespect of the ecosystem and thereby slowed down the momentum for a sustainable agroecological transition.
Mots clés : Belief|preservation |ecosystems |Burkina Faso