Stefania SRODA-MURAWSKA, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
Leszek DABROWSKI, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland
In Poland, after 1989 we observe dynamic changes in the shape of population structures and processes. Poland's socio-economic transformation has contributed to the emergence of processes observed in Western Europe (associated with the theory of the second demographic transition and the process of aging of the population). The observed changes also include the depopulation of Polish cities, the emergence of suburbanization, intensified economic emigration, and related migration processes (both domestic and foreign). The spatial differentiation of the age structure of the population is therefore a consequence of changes in the distribution of the population under the conditions of a free market economy.
Demographic changes, including migration flows, also influence changes in the spatial concentration of young people. The aim of the study was to determine the spatial differences in the concentration of youth in Poland after 1989, i.e. after the beginning of the transformation process.
On the basis of the available statistical data on the population in communes in the years 1995-2020, a typology of the Polish space in terms of youth concentration and the dynamics of changes in this respect was developed.
Mots clés : young people|spatial disparities|Poland