Jelena LUYTS, Université de Namur, Belgium
Florence DE LONGUEVILLE, Université de Namur, Belgium
Loic BRUNING, Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Issa MBALLO, Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Etienne PIGUET, Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Sabine HENRY, Université de Namur, Belgium
This research develops a new conceptual framework to increase the understanding of environmental migration, based on the perceptions of environmental change and change in daily life. The novelty of the framework resides in the inclusion of two types of perception: perception of environmental change and perception of change in daily life. In addition, adaptation is seen in its global form including not only migration but also on-farm adaptations or livestock adaptations. Finally, the framework suggests a chronology in the adaptation measures adopted.
A case study in rural Senegal enables a first evaluation to appraise the interest of the new framework, mainly the inclusion of the perception of change in daily life. This new perspective would facilitate data collection and increase the reliability of survey data. All surveyed households perceive climate change. The interest of this study resides in the link between different perceptions of change and adaptation. Do rainfall, temperature, wind, or economy influence adaptation? The relevance of the perception of change in daily life is compared with the perception of environmental change through different regression models, to evaluate the link with different adaptation strategies. The results suggest that the perception of change in daily life indeed bring new, different and complementary information towards the understanding of the adaptation intention. However, taken separately, both types of perception result in similar explanatory power, while their combination increase the explanatory power of models. Therefore, it seems crucial to combine both types of perceptions, as both bring different information.
Mots clés : Internal migration|West Africa|Perception of change|Environment|Daily life