Arlette SIMO FOTSO, CEPED, France
Geraldine DUTHE, INED, France
Understanding the vulnerabilities of people with disabilities in a context of climate change is of vital importance for developing people-centered climate change mitigation efforts. People with disabilities face unique risks in response to both rapid- and slow-onset climate related events because they may require different types of early warning information delivered to accommodate their needs in responding to climate related hazards. However, the needs of disabled populations are almost never considered alongside climate hazards and mitigation planning. In this project, we take a first step towards documenting the risks people with disabilities face in a context of climate change. We use an innovative data set – Senegal General Census of Population and Housing, Agriculture and Livestock (RGPH) conducted in 2013 by the national statistical office (ANSD). The RGPH employs a culturally neutral disability screening tool called the WG short set of questions developed by the Washington Group on Disability Statistics (WG), which identifies the functional limitations and the restrictions of activity on an individual’s level in six domains: sight, hearing, mobility, communication, concentration and activity restrictions such as washing all over or dressing. The data was collected for the entire population of Senegal, allowing to identify the prevalence of functional limitations by type of limitations and to create indicators of disability at the sub-national level and disaggregated by sexes and age groups. We combine this data set with key climate measures related to temperature, rainfall, flooding, drought, and malaria to document where climate change hot-spots intersect with high concentrations of disabled populations. The project highlights the risks that disabled people face in a context of climate change and provides necessary evidence to support mitigation and planning efforts.
Mots clés : Senegal |Disability|Climate Change|sub-national