Kenji HASHIMOTO, Waseda University, Japan
Compact town development is one of the important policy goals for regional cities in Japan, which are facing a serious decline in birthrate and aging population. In 2014, the Japanese government required local municipalities to publish the Location Normalization Plan to support high-density urban planning by local municipalities. The creation of high-density cities will not only reduce maintenance and construction costs for urban infrastructure such as roads and public facilities, but will also promote the realization of a low-carbon society by reducing the dependence on private automobiles.
On the other hand, it is difficult for a regional city with a small market size to maintain its transportation network solely through public transportation. For this reason, it is planned to use ICT such as MaaS to realize an integrated regional transportation network that links public transportation such as railroads, buses, and cabs with private transportation such as car-sharing. We conducted a survey of 228 municipalities that have published both a Location Normalization Plan and an integrated regional transportation plan. Based on the results, we will analyze the characteristics and issues of the construction of an integrated regional transportation network by local municipalities using intelligent mobilities such as MaaS.
Keywords: Compact town development|Japanese regional municipalities|car-sharing|MaaS|integrated regional transportation network