Valerià PAÜL, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Juan Manuel TRILLO-SANTAMARÍA, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
The preference for the study of rural landscapes by geographers prior to the years 1960-70 is well-known. The hypothesis here is as follows: the general approach to these rural landscapes is purportedly objective, although a deep ideological charge can be traced. Thus, we contend it is possible to show how the study of these rural landscapes contains veiled ideological meanings, in particular nationalist ones, which we seek to analyse. This is a pertinent reflection devoted to the history of Rural Geography — before it was called that —, but it also benefits from current perspectives of Political and Cultural Geography.
The selected geographers are from the Iberian Peninsula and the works analysed span five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, generally corresponding to regional works classifiable as county ('comarcas') or regional scales; however, geographies of Spain and/or Portugal are also considered. These works are analysed and interpreted through the lens of stateless nationalisms (Catalonia and Galicia) but also including nationalisms that are associated with well-established nation-states (Spain and Portugal).
Keywords: Rural Geography|History of Geography