CLIMATE AND COVID-19 IN THE PARANA STATE (BRAZIL)
Francisco MENDONCA, UFPR, Brazil
The relationship between climate and respiratory diseases is a classic theme in the field of climatology and epidemiology. Currently, due to the COVID19 pandemic, climate researchers have sought to assess interactions between climate dynamics and this disease. In this context, the present study sought to analyze, from a spatial and temporal approach, the transmission, contagion and mortality by COVID19 in the State of Paraná (Brazil), in relation to variations in the elements and climate dynamics during the pandemic. Methodology: 1) Survey of official data on cases and mortality by COVID-19 (Secretary of State for Health), 2) Mapping and analysis of the spatialization of cases, 3) Survey and analysis of meteorological data, 4) Preparation of the state of the art concerning the knowledge of the climate and COVID-19 relationship, and 5) the relationship between the climate parameters and thresholds observed from March 2020 to August 2021 and the occurrences of COVID-19 by municipalities in the State of Paraná. The results allowed us to identify the transmission dynamics over time, as well as highlight the variation in the number of cases in relation to atmospheric conditions and predominant types of weather. It was observed that transmission intensified during the autumn and winter seasonality, although it was also important during spring and summer; direct and indirect influences of climate on population behavior, especially regarding social isolation, were evidenced in the study. Furthermore, the State of Paraná registered a meteorological drought and a strong reduction in water supply in the main cities in the biennium 2020-2021, a fact that aggravated the pandemic since hygiene is essential.
Keywords: Climate|COVID19|direct influences|Indirect influences|Parana