Lukasz CYWINSKI, University of Information Technology and Management, Poland
Ewa GALECKA-BURDZIAK, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
The article examines occupational mobility, understood here as a change of occupation in the history of a given person's professional activity, as well as the declared willingness (readiness) to change occupation within 12 months.
The presented results of empirical research are based on data collected with a CAWI survey on a sample of 16,119 Poles aged 18-65. We used event history analysis and a logit model to analyse occupational mobility and its determinant. We analysed the factors that determine the occupational mobility. We used a logit model and deepened knowledge of how qualifications determine occupational mobility. This was done in two dimensions – levels and directions of qualifications according to the ISCED-F 2013 Classification of Education.
The event history analysis shows that the Poles often change their learnt occupation. Relatively few workers work in occupations compatible with their learnt occupations, and have not changed occupation since the beginning of their professional activity. Modelling results indicate that the occupational mobility of Poles is influenced not only by demographic factors, but also by their acquired qualifications. It is mainly affected by the level and type of qualifications acquired during secondary and tertiary education and training. People with secondary or vocational qualifications are less likely to change jobs than those with higher education levels. After an initial increase in job mobility up to age 24, job mobility then declines with age. Graduates from the service sector were most eager to change occupation. This may be related to the fact that acquired qualifications are not as specialized and may be used across different occupations. In the case of tertiary education and training courses, humanities and science graduates were most eager to change occupation, and for secondary and vocational education, business, administration, law and social science graduates were most eager to change occupation.
Keywords: labour market|occupational mobility|qualifications