Trinidad FERNANDEZ, Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO, Germany
Catalina DIAZ, Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO, Germany
Urban population has experienced rapid growth over the last century, with an estimation of more than two-thirds of the world's population living in cities by 2050. Since 2015, international institutions have been defining global policies, objectives and targets to cope with climate change impacts. Instruments such as the Urban Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals; the New Urban Agenda; and the Paris Agreement, highlight the role of cities as fundamental in the path towards climate neutrality.
Design and planning processes for sustainable urban development have been adapted to establish plans and strategies to tackle urban growth and climate change adaptation and mitigation. Progress has been made in several cities from both developed and developing countries. Yet, medium-sized urban settlements are experiencing accelerated growth and will be facing serious challenges both in terms of climate change adaptation and mitigation as well as sustainable urban development in the future.
The present research focuses on the outcomes of the MGI initiative in Kochi (India), Piura (Peru) and Saltillo (Mexico). Through the City Lab approach, MGI seeks to build replicable and feasible solutions and strategies to promote climate change adaptation and mitigation in the city, starting from an analysis of the local ecosystem and impacts factors. Findings include a sustainability profile and an action-oriented roadmap with concrete measures and projects for each city.
The study discusses the findings of the three city profiles on climate change, measures to address it, and a focus on its challenges and opportunities.
Keywords: climate change|urban transformation|city labs|urban planning|resilience